Lightning in the Jar – Song Notes
Stonewall Jackson’s Way / Garryowen • Stonewall was written by John W. Palmer and published by R.W. Randolph in Richmond in 1863. Garryowen’s Irish melody first appeared in print in Edward Light’s Introduction to Playing the Harp-Lute & Appollo-Lyre (London, 1785) as Corey Owen.
The Bonnie Blue Flag • Harry Macarthy wrote the lyrics and adapted the music from the tune, The Irish Jaunting Car, by Valentine Vousden. The song was published in 1861, by A.E. Blackmar & Bro., New Orleans. During the four years of the war, this tune went through twelve editions and became the most frequently published Confederate piece of music.
Kingdom Coming • This comic song was popular in both the North and the South. Written by Henry Clay Work and published in 1862, by Root & Cady, Chicago. Later, Blackmar & Bro., Augusta, published an edition in 1864, with the endorsement, “As Sung By The First Tennessee Opera Troupe,” the regiment’s glee club.
Ring, Ring de Banjo • Written by Stephen Foster and published in 1851, by Firth, Pond & Co., New York.
Tenting Tonight on the Old Camp Ground • Words & music by Walter Kittredge and published in 1864, by Oliver, Ditson & Co., Boston.
Rickett’s Hornpipe / Fishar’s Hornpipe • Rickett’s was included in William O. Adam’s Musick Book published in London on September 4, 1795. Fishar’s first appears as Hornpipe #1 in J. Fishar’s Sixteen Cotillions, Sixteen Minuets, Twelve Allemands and Twelve Hornpipes, published by John Rutherford, London, in 1778.
Jine the Cavalry • General J.E.B. Stuart’s anthem is attributed to the leader of his camp band and banjoist, Sam Sweeney. In 1866, Stuart’s staff officer, Major Heros Von Borcke wrote Memoirs of the Confederate War for Independence. He remembered Stuart as “always the gayest and noisiest of the party… usually the festivities closed with the famous song… Jine the Cavalry.”
Down in Alabama • Initially published in 1858, by Oliver, Ditson & Co. of Boston, in Phil. Rice’s Method for the Banjo, but without naming a composer. In 1859, it was published in New York by Wm. Hall & Son with the melody and lyrics credited to J. Warner.
Company I, 2nd South Caroline • Our soldier’s parody is based on the 1843 minstrel tune Dandy Jim from Caroline, composed by either Dan Emmett or lyrics by Silas S. Steele and melody by J.Richard “Ole Bull” Myers.
De Boatman’s Dance • Words and music by Dan Emmett and published in 1843, by George P. Reed, Boston.
Oh! Lemuel • Composed by Stephen Foster & published in 1850, by F.D. Benteen, Baltimore.
Keemo Kimo • Published in 1854, by William Hall & Son, New York, and credited as “George Christy and Wood’s Celebrated Banjo Song.”
Camptown Races • Words and music by Stephen Foster and published in 1850, by F.D. Benteen, Baltimore.
The Vacant Chair or We Shall Meet, But We Shall Miss Him • Words by H.S. Washburn, music by George Root, and published in 1862, by Root & Cady, Chicago. Popular on both sides of the war, the Southern editions were published by Davis & Sons, Richmond, John Schreiner & Son, Macon & Savannah, and J.H. Hewitt, Augusta.
Hawks & Eagles • This traditional fiddle breakdown comes from Norman Edmonds of Wythe County, Va.
INTERMISSION / Stump Speech: De Lady & De Frog • A “Stump Speech” traditionally followed the first act of a minstrel show. Our “stump speaker” extraordinaire, Dr. Hezekiah T. Witherspoon (aka Chip Brezee, of Foggy Bottom, Bowling Green, Va.), was recorded as he delivered this period monologue at Waterford, Va.
McLeod’s Reel / Zip Coon • McLeod’s is a traditional 18th century Scottish fiddle tune first published in Neil Gow’s Strathspey Reels of 1809. Zip Coon’s authorship was claimed by George Washington Dixon, George Nichols and Bob Farrell. Zip was published in 1834, by Thomas Birch, NY. However, the melody’s origin dates back to 1760, when it was published as The Gimblet in James Oswald’s Caledonian Pocket Companion.
Angelina Baker / Angeline the Baker • Music and lyrics by Steven Foster and published in 1850, by F.D. Benteen, Baltimore. Foster’s song evolved over time into the “old time” tune Angeline the Baker, and was popularized by J.W. ‘Babe’ Spangler of Patrick County, Va.
Old Dan Tucker • Written by Dan Emmett and published in 1843, by C.H. Keith, Boston.
O Lud Gals! • Published in Boston by C.H. Keith in 1843, with the endorsement, “As performed by The Virginia Minstrels, words by Dan Emmett.” In 1854, White’s New Ethiopian Song Book was published in Philadelphia. This book’s preface attributes the melody of O Lud Gals to Charles White.
Cumberland Gap • This traditional Appalachian fiddle tune chronicles the history of the Gap through 1862. In that year, Confederate General Kirby Smith outflanked and drove Union General George Morgan out of the Gap. During the four years of the war the Gap changed hands four times, yet no major battle occurred there.
When Johnny Comes Marching Home / For Bales • Written in 1863, by Patrick Gilmore under a pseudonym, Louis Lambert, and published by Henry Tolman & Co., Boston. For Bales is a Confederate parody published by A.E. Blackmar and is “Dedicated to those Pure Patriots who were afflicted with Cotton on the Brain and who saw the Elephant.”
The Rose of Alabama • Published in 1846, by G.P. Reed, Boston, and credited as “Words by S.S. Steele, sung by A.F. Winnemore & His Band of Serenaders.”
The Arkansas Traveler • This melody was initially published in Cincinnati in 1847, as The Arkansas Traveler and Rackinsac Waltz. The musical arrangement was credited to William Cumming, but the composer was not noted.
Old Rosin the Beau • A traditional Irish song first published in America in 1838, by Osbourn’s Music Saloon, Phila., and dedicated to “the members of the Falcon Barge.”
Buffalo Gals • Composed by John Hodges under his stage name, “Cool White.” Initially titled Lubly Fan Will You Come Out Tonight? and published in 1844, by Keith’s Music Publishing House, Boston. As minstrel troupes performed Lubly Fan across the nation they changed the chorus to reflect the location of each concert, Boston Gals, Mobile Gals, Pittsburg Gals, and so on, to the rousing approval of their audiences. In 1848, the title was changed and copyrighted by two publishers: William Hall & Son, NY., and Firth, Pond & Co., NY, to Buffalo Gals, referring to Buffalo, NY.
Southern Soldier / Dixie’s Land • A traditional Southern mountain folksong from the singing of Minta Morgan. Practically all of the expressions of Confederate patriotism captured in this song appear nearly verbatim in soldier’s letters and diaries written during the conflict. Dixie’s Land, the Confederacy’s unofficial anthem, was written by Dan Emmett in 1859, and was originally titled, I Wish I Was In Dixie’s Land. This “walk-around” was composed for Bryant’s Minstrels and it was published in 1860 by Firth, Pond & Co., NY.